Net Zero and Carbon Neutral


Carbon neutral and net zero is often confused as the same thing. Carbon neutral refers to the removal of carbon emissions from businesses or organisations’ activities through offsets. It focuses on the balance between emission and offset: the idea is to equalise the carbon released into the atmosphere by offsetting it by the same amount.

CO2 balance

Carbon Offsets have gained major popularity in the past few years as it is a simpler process. However, it is a short-term solution with quite a few loopholes.
On the other hand, working towards net zero is applied on a larger scale a more holistic overview of the entire business process: such as making emission reductions within the supply chain, making sustainable choices with suppliers, switching to renewable energy, and so on to reduce the emissions produced by an organisation altogether, which can be facilitated by using supply chain sustainability software. Net zero affects the ESG valuations as it is used to evaluate the sustainability and ethical impact of the business. So the major difference between net zero and carbon neutral is that one is a more long-term solution while the latter is a short term solution with loopholes.
As you can imagine, achieving a net zero status is not an easy task and requires the collaboration of world governments as well as private and third sectors.
carbon journey to 2050

However, few organisations can reach their net-zero goals solely via emission-reduction initiatives.

Most are left with some residual emissions, which they neutralise with carbon offsets, either

  • 1. In the form of carbon capture methods, like planting trees, for example
  • 2. Or purchasing carbon reduction credits equivalent to emissions released

Carbon Negative

Carbon negative is the next step. An entity becomes carbon negative when its actions remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than they emit
This term means actively creating an environmental benefit by removing additional C02 from the atmosphere. This might include a bioenergy process with carbon capture and storage.

How do you become carbon neutral?

Balancing traditional business priorities, such as revenue and profitability, while becoming truly carbon neutral can be challenging. Most of the time the challenges come from the complexity of the supply chains and how to measure and cut emissions.
Scope 3 emissions are undoubtedly the big overarching problem to figure out, and by overlooking them, businesses’ best efforts to reach carbon neutral targets might fall short.
Since Scope 3 emissions are undoubtedly tricky to calculate, companies like Snowkap help businesses with carbon management software and analyse in an automated, easy, and cost-effective way.
Carbon emission chart

We provide solutions to measure, analyse, report and ultimately reduce your Co2 footprint.

Stakeholders receive detailed information on carbon hotspots via comprehensive online dashboards, including carbon reports of each

Snowkap helps measure the data and provides actionable insights and reduction ideas based on the data derived.

It guides you on what steps can be taken at each level to make a positive change in the organisation.
Additionally, carbon offset costs are predicted to rise tenfold by 2030! Therefore, carbon and its pricing will continue to gain significant importance as countries and companies seek to reduce carbon emissions by purchasing carbon offset credits.

However. as companies grow, it will become a costly process to spend so much on offsets. Therefore, the more sustainable way to go about it is to make emission reductions at the core; make a one-time investment for the future in sustainability software so that the companies scale in revenue and size. Their carbon footprint doesn’t keep growing exponentially


The journey to work towards net zero is happening on a global scale, and research has shown that carbon neutrality is actually good for businesses in the long run. Achieving it not only allows businesses to save on costs through better operational efficiencies and tax reductions, but it also helps protect the natural environment.


What is carbon neutral vs carbon negative vs carbon positive?

Carbon neutral means that the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere is the same as the amount of carbon dioxide removed from the atmosphere. Carbon negative, on the other hand, means that more carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere than is emitted into it. Carbon positive, also known as climate positive, goes one step further than carbon neutrality, aiming to remove more carbon from the atmosphere than is emitted.

What is the net zero?

Net zero for businesses means reducing their greenhouse gas emissions to as close to zero as possible, with any remaining emissions being re-absorbed from the atmosphere, for instance by oceans and forests1. This can be achieved through a combination of reducing emissions, increasing the use of carbon sinks such as forests, and using technologies such as carbon capture and storage2.

To improve progress towards their net zero goals, companies can take four steps: define targets; set strategy; implement; and publish and track progress. The percentage of companies declaring a net-zero target nearly doubled between 2019 and 20203. By following these four steps, companies can reach their net zero ambitions.

In general, net zero refers to a state where global greenhouse gas emissions from human activity are in balance with emissions reductions. At net zero, carbon dioxide emissions are still generated, but an equal amount of carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere as is released into it, resulting in zero increase in net emissions.

What is the difference between zero carbon and net zero carbon?

The difference between zero carbon and net zero carbon is that zero carbon refers to producing no carbon emissions at all while net zero refers to balancing out any carbon emissions produced with an equivalent amount of carbon

Why is it called carbon neutral?

The term “carbon neutral” is used because it refers to balancing out the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere with an equivalent amount of removal. Carbon dioxide is one of the main greenhouse gases responsible for climate change and makes up roughly two-thirds of all greenhouse gas emissions.

What is net zero emissions by 2050?

Net zero emissions by 2050 means that global greenhouse gas emissions will need to reach net zero by 2050 in order to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. This will require a massive deployment of all available clean energy technologies such as renewables and energy-efficient building retrofits between now and 2030.