Everything You Need to Know About Scope 2 Emissions

Everything You Need to Know About Scope 2 Emissions

In today’s rapidly changing world, environmental sustainability is the name of the game. As businesses strive to reduce their carbon footprint and embrace sustainable practices, understanding and effectively managing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has become an absolute necessity. In this blog post dive into the world of Scope 2 carbon emissions, its significance, and discover how Snowkap’s cutting-edge tools can seamlessly assist your business in tracking, reporting, and mitigating its carbon footprint.



Energy and Natural around CO2

What are Scope 2 Carbon Emissions?

When it comes to measuring greenhouse gas emissions, there’s more to the story than meets the eye. Enter Scope 2 carbon emissions, the indirect emissions generated from the consumption of purchased electricity, heat, or steam. These emissions are essential because they result from the energy a company or organization uses, even if they don’t produce that energy themselves. Companies can better understand their overall consumption by measuring and tracking Scope 2 emissions. 




Unveiling GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance



Navigating the world of emissions management requires a trusty compass. The GHG Protocol is the definitive guide for effectively measuring and reporting emissions. Snowkap’s Snow-IQ seamlessly integrates with this protocol, equipping businesses with a powerful toolkit to meet reporting requirements and stay ahead of the game.

diagram showing scope 1,2 and 3



Decoding Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 Emissions



1. Direct vs. Indirect Emissions:

  • Scope 1 Emissions: Scope 1 emissions are frequently regarded as a business’s most immediate and manageable emissions. 


  • Scope 2 Emissions: These are indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by electricity, heat, or steam procurement. These emissions are associated with the company’s energy sources but are generated elsewhere.


  • Scope 3 Emissions: Result from activities beyond the operational control of an organization, such as business travel, transportation, refuse disposal, and supply chain operations.


2. Control and Influence:

  • Scope 1 Emissions: Organizations directly control scope 1 emissions and can implement energy efficiency practices, employ cleaner technologies, or switch to low-carbon fuels to reduce them. 


  • Scope 2 Emissions: Businesses have direct control over their Scope 2 emissions, as they can select their energy providers and decide whether to transition to renewable energy sources. 


  • Scope 3 Emissions: Scope 3 emissions are influenced by a company’s activities but are not directly under its control. Typically, these emissions are linked to the entire value chain, including suppliers, consumers, and end-users. 


3. Reporting and Accountability:

  • Scope 1 Emissions: Reporting scope 1 emissions is essential for carbon accounting and sustainability reporting. Organizations measure and disclose their Scope 1 emissions to demonstrate their commitment to environmental responsibility and track their progress in reducing direct emissions. 


  • Scope 2 Emissions: In their carbon accounting and sustainability reporting, enterprises typically report these emissions. These emissions are generally easier to measure and quantify because they relate to purchased energy consumption. 


  • Scope 3 Emissions: Due to the complex nature of these emissions, which extend beyond a company’s direct operations, reporting Scope 3 emissions can be more difficult. To calculate and report Scope 3 emissions, acquiring data from multiple entities along the value chain is often necessary. 


4. Influence on Sustainable Supply Chains:

  • Scope 1 Emissions: Scope 1 emissions can have a significant impact on sustainable supply chains through supplier requirements, collaboration with suppliers, technology sharing, and capacity building. 


  • Scope 2 Emissions: Although Scope 2 emissions predominantly involve the consumption of purchased energy, businesses can use their influence to encourage the procurement of renewable energy and drive the market demand for cleaner energy sources. 


  • Scope 3 Emissions: These emissions include many company supply chain activities. Managing Scope 3 emissions necessitates collaboration and partnerships with suppliers to reduce carbon-intensive processes, optimize transportation, and promote sustainable practices throughout the value chain. 


5. Environmental Impact:

  • Scope 1 Emissions: Scope 1 emission reduction is essential to reaching carbon neutrality or net-zero emissions. Frequently, businesses establish emission reduction goals and implement strategies to minimize the use of fuels, improve energy efficiency, and adopt renewable energy sources for their operations. 


  • Scope 2 Emissions: These emissions contribute directly to a company’s carbon footprint and environmental impact. Businesses can substantially reduce their Scope 2 emissions by transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, reducing their carbon footprint, and mitigating climate change.


  • Scope 3 Emissions: Scope 3 emissions typically represent a significant portion of a company’s total carbon footprint. These emissions transcend operational boundaries and emphasize the broader environmental impact of a company’s products, services, and value chain.


Understanding the differences between Scope 1 and 2, along with Scope 3 emissions allows businesses to effectively develop comprehensive strategies to manage and mitigate their overall carbon footprint. By addressing direct and indirect emissions, companies can make significant strides toward achieving their sustainability goals and contributing to a more sustainable future. PS: A sustainability software can come in handy to help bring all things sustainability in one place. 



Snowkap’s Scope 2 Emissions Management Tools



Transparent Compliance 

Snowkap’s  GHG emissions reporting tool streamlines the collection and analysis of Scope 2 emissions data, enabling accurate monitoring and transparent compliance with regulatory requirements.




Data + Analytics-backed Insights

Snowkap’s carbon tracking software provides a comprehensive solution for monitoring and managing carbon emissions across operational areas. By combining real-time data and advanced analytics, businesses can gain valuable insights into their Scope 2 emissions and identify improvement opportunities.


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Effective Decision-Making

Snowkap’s GHG calculating tool simplifies the complex process of accurately calculating Scope 2 emissions by providing up-to-date and reliable emission factors. This ensures businesses can base their decisions on accurate data.




How Snowkap’s Tools Benefit Businesses


Enhanced Environmental Performance: Effective tracking and monitoring of Scope 2 emissions, facilitating the implementation of sustainable strategies.


Regulatory Compliance: Align with Scope 2 GHG protocols, streamlining reporting processes and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements.


Cost Savings: Actionable steps to implement sustainable practices, leading to long-term cost savings.


To effectively manage Scope 2 emissions, businesses must demonstrate their commitment to environmentally responsible and sustainable practices. Snowkap’s suite of tools, including GHG emissions reporting, carbon tracking software, and a GHG calculating tool, provides comprehensive solutions for measuring, reporting, and mitigating Scope 2 emissions. 


Organizations can leverage Snowkap’s ESG solutions to improve their environmental impact and meet regulatory compliance — and chart a positive path to net zero. 




What are Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 emissions?

Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 are the three categories of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions used in the GHG Protocol. 

– Scope 1 Emissions: These are direct emissions from sources owned or controlled by the company, such as onsite combustion of fossil fuels for heating or vehicle use.

– Scope 2 Emissions: These are indirect emissions from purchased electricity, heat, or steam consumed by the company. They result from energy generation outside the company’s boundaries.

– Scope 3 Emissions: These are other indirect emissions that occur in the company’s value chain, including supplier activities, employee commuting, business travel, and product use by customers.

What is Scope 2 vs. Scope 3 emissions?

Scope 2 emissions are indirect emissions associated with purchased energy, such as electricity, heat, or steam. In contrast, Scope 3 emissions encompass a broader range of indirect emissions along the value chain, beyond the company’s immediate operations, and often include supply chain activities, transportation, and product life cycle emissions.

How are Scope 2 emissions measured?

Scope 2 emissions can be measured using two approaches: market-based and location-based. The market-based approach considers the emissions associated with the specific electricity generation sources from which the company purchases its energy. The location-based approach employs average emission factors for the grid location where the energy is consumed.

What is Scope 2 emissions examples?

Scope 2 emission examples include the indirect emissions resulting from the electricity purchased by the company from the grid, district heating systems, or steam generated by an external provider. These emissions occur outside the company’s direct control but are linked to its energy consumption.

How do I reduce Scope 2 emissions?

To reduce Scope 2 emissions, companies can implement various strategies, such as increasing energy efficiency, transitioning to renewable energy sources like solar or wind power, and collaborating with energy suppliers to source renewable energy for their electricity needs.

Is Scope 2 direct emissions?

No, Scope 2 emissions are not considered direct emissions. As per GHG protocol scope 2 guidance, these are categorised as indirect emissions resulting from purchased energy consumption.

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